The 3 most important principles of good leadership and/or teamwork in any organization is following the rules of the organization, knowing and communicating the general goals of the organization, and knowing and communicating the goals which each member of the organization should have. The rules and goals which each member of a team should follow is especially important if you are a team leader and not at the top of an organization.
The 4 general principles of teamwork:
1. Teamwork means a leader communicating general goals and assigning relevant specific goals for most or all important members
2. Making sure that all the necessary information and skills are or will be available to achieve the goals in a timely way,
3. Helping individual team members function well together by establishing an atmosphere of trust and cooperation between the team leader and individual members among themselves,
4. After proper optimistic motivation rewarding members for achieving timely and acceptable goals.
As a team leader it is your job to set goals for each team member by assigning individual responsibilities and involving members in the decision making process or problem solving process to some extent so that they feel free to contribute their creative ideas if they have any and feel that their opinions are valued and should not be hidden.
Identifying the skills necessary and and general information which will be necessary to complete the goals is vital and identifying the members with the skills or ability to get the necessary information is important. Pairing up lesser skilled individuals, who may need help with more skilled individuals who can teach them what may be necessary to know to achieve the goals, may be beneficial.
To encourage trust and cooperation between members it is important for the leader to give unconditional support to all the members as needed. All promises made by the leader should be fulfilled. Frequent meetings of 5 or 6 members rather than 20 or 30 should be made to evaluate the progress of the group and make sure that only a few members are not the only ones working or doing all the work.
Your workers should be self motivated and any workers who interfere with the efficient operation of the team with bad behaviors such as continuously interrupting members during a meeting, yelling at team mates, back stabbing, failing to be supportive of others, insubordination to the team leader, not doing work in a timely way, complaining about decisions, criticizing without just cause, and inappropriate humor should be severely reprimanded and if the bad behavior does not stop and the member is guilty of two or more bad behaviors a removal from the team or even firing is essential to maintain good morale in the team.
When hiring a new team member make it a team decision and make sure that once expertise is more than adequate that the personality and social skills are also compatible with the team. Also identify and exclude members who strongly think that teamwork will handicap their creativity or hinder their personal advancement in the organization.
Share your information and skills with members and encourage members to share their information and skills with other members and reward them with bonuses, free lunches, time off, or praise when goals are achieved in a timely way.
Here is a link to an original article on teamwork by Geoffrey James.
Here is a link to 13 ways to encourage teamwork by Edward Chalmers.
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