Historically hard physical work was expected from most members of society or you starved to death or were socially ostracized and that usually meant bare subsistence living or even starving to death.
Today most valued work is mental effort and physical work is speedily being replaced by machines and robots which do the work more efficiently and more reliably.
If you are born rich or have money saved up then you don’t have to work but you can get on welfare and not have to work either.
The avalanche of welfare recipients means that the technological 21st century will mean far fewer in the middle class, few very wealthy at the top with the technological elite, and the vast majority on welfare living close to a subsistence level.
It will be a world with the majority being in the leisure class or out of work and on welfare. Being out of work will no longer be a social stigma and will no longer mean starvation but an accepted way of living out your life in relative poverty when compared to the ruling working elite.
If you are already on welfare then welcome to the dominant leisure class of the near future!!!!!!
Of course if you have your whole life in front of you then you may want to work hard at learning useful skills which are not in the liberal arts and which will not be replaced by technology in the near future. You may then live a fulfilling varied and interesting life as a middle class wage earner and maybe even be lucky enough to afford offspring on a personal independent budget.
Working hard with mental skills or abilities will be important into the foreseeable future and if you are not that gifted mentally then the government will take care of you and your basic needs. There will be no shame in being out of work!!!
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