Tag Archives: logic

WHY MOST ARE NOT VERY LOGICAL!!!

You probably think that this article is going to teach you how to be more logical and reasonable. It is not that easy. In fact there are many reasons why being logical and reasonable is not the normal state of the human mind and its thinking process.

So I will begin by showing you why the vast majority are not logical thinkers since it takes years of discipline, experiences, and useful information to become more logical and want to pursue the truth which is the foundation of logical thinking.

The most important thing with logical thinking is that if you start out with untruths, false information, or lies then you can be the most logical with this information and still come up with irrelevant, untrue, or false results. There is a lot of truth to the statement “garbage in and garbage out” which also applies to computer algorithms.

If you input shitty false information into your brain or a computer program then you will usually get shitty false information back.

Where does this untrue or false information come from? In subjective fields of interest the false information comes from incompetent and sometimes competent authority figures who make occasional mistakes in gathering and disseminating information, especially if it is an opinion based on faulty information or facts. Just because someone has a doctorate or is your favorite celebrity does not guarantee that everything they say is the truth that you can bet your life on.

With authority figures it all comes down to a question of trust. It is not whom do you trust 100% of the time to give you factual information and valued opinions but whom can you trust about 80 to 90% of the time since no human is perfect all the time.

Of course the best approach is to fact check everything yourself but that is just not realistic in the world that we live in where time is such a precious commodity which shouldn’t be wasted. You always should be asking yourself whether the information that you are getting is going to affect your life in important ways. If the answer is that it won’t affect your life much or not at all then fact checking is really a waste of time.

Presently the field where logic doesn’t play much of a role is in politics and journalistic reporting. Very few, except for the wealthy, really feel or trust that the government and establishment media is helping them to lead more secure and prosperous lives. Journalistic excellence has given way to a tabloid press sensationalizing events with sound bites devoid of important information.

Political discourse is no longer civil and reserved but peppered with insults, name calling, put downs, ridicule, and humiliation which is designed to try and destroy the reputation of humans who dare to oppose politically correct viewpoints. If you want to be logical about politics then you are being delusional and almost no one will take you seriously. The truth does not reign supreme in politics but propaganda reigns supreme on both sides of the political spectrum.

After all this one can seriously ask what can you be logical about? Yes, the bastion of logical thinking is science where you analyze and then synthesize factual information and validate the results with experiments that give the same results over and over again. Most of us in the real world use the fruits of science or technology but we don’t use much logic in other fields of interest which are very subjective by nature and usually have very biased authority figures.

True logic demands structured valid thinking, research, and more thinking to get reasonable results. By nature most humans are impulsive and make split second judgments about most things based on prior life experiences, especially prior information gathering without thinking that much.

Becoming logical is not an overnight phenomenon but takes years of gathering useful information and experiences and training in math, especially Venn diagrams, sets, subsets, statistics, probability and frequency to be able to analyze and then synthesize information. Without the above understanding your excursion into logical thinking will always fall short of the ideal.

What follows are some of the major reasons why humans are just too impulsive, subjective or biased and can’t think very logically about many things:

Confirmation bias is the tendency for humans to gravitate towards beliefs, opinions, experiences, and authority figures which they personally possess already and tend to look unfavorably on other viewpoints, especially if they challenge or contradict those personal biases. Humans have a tendency to want to impose their existent biased views on the world of new information as much as possible. They tend to be close minded towards outside views when they process new information or viewpoints. Not only do most want to survive physically but most also want their beliefs, opinions, experiences, and authority figures to survive intact and love to defend them when challenged by new or contrary viewpoints, events, and facts.

Pack or group bias also exists where humans prefer to spread and participate in group norms which they feel to be a part of their existence or proximate human behavior. Wanting to be with the personal in crowd is a strong attraction. In a broader sense most prefer their own culture to a foreign one.

Language is partially to blame for this need to have a group identity since it classifies humans based on their group identity such as Muslim, Christian, Jew, atheist, Republican, Democrat, white, black, Hispanic, Native Indian, etc. Humans love their own group and are often suspicious, fearful, and even disdainful of outside groups.

Gambler’s predispositions are another form of erring biases. If you are flipping a coin with heads or tails and you hit 4 heads in a row then you will have a tendency to believe that the next throw will also be heads even though the odds are still 50/50. What this suggests that if some event happens frequently historically there is a bias towards predicting that the same event will happen again just as frequently in the future. So our predictions about the future are heavily biased based on the frequency of past events.

Security or status quo bias. We tend to prefer old habits to new ones and old ways of thinking about things rather than new ones. We often say that we want change but the fact is that our predisposition is towards the security of existing ideas and behaviors and not a change in those ideas or behaviors.

So thinking logically is unfortunately reserved for the elite few and most of us have to live in the real world with personal beliefs, opinions, behaviors, and habits which automatically bias the way that we react in the world around us both consciously and subconsciously. Most of us conform to our culture and group affiliation because we fundamentally want to feel secure and approved of by others. Yes, there are the risk takers and non conformists but the vast majority are just common human beings with basic and what some feel are mundane needs and desires.

We all have different lifestyles and to the extent that we daily live within the confines of those lifestyles they seem logical or acceptable or predictable to us. That predictable existence is really the best that we can hope for, especially if you are relatively security conscious and don’t want others to rock your world or disturb it in any significant way.

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UPDATED NEW QUOTE BY ULDIS SPROGIS 1624!!!

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UPDATED NEW QUOTE BY ULDIS SPROGIS 1428!!!

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HOW TO BEHAVE MORE LOGICALLY 11 WAYS!!!

Don’t attack a human’s character but focus on attacking the argument and/or opinion (ad hominem). Don’t ridicule, name call, put down, insult, and humiliate a human hoping that you can dominate the discussion or argument with this uncalled for intimidating and often rude aggression.

Don’t misrepresent and/or exaggerate a human’s argument and/or opinion to make it easier to attack (straw man).

Discuss or argue a position based on factual premises and don’t beg unfactual positions.

Avoid assuming that all preceding events are actual causes of subsequent events if there is no logical correspondence.

Sometimes admit that there can be more than one cause of an event.

Don’t assume that ignorance makes a claim true or false or a combination of both.

Don’t put the burden of proof beyond a reasonable doubt on the human that is questioning your claim.

Don’t make causal claims that one follows the other if there is no logical or historical assumed correspondence.

Don’t assume that subjective popularity of a point of view is always proof beyond a reasonable doubt that it is objectively true.

Don’t just use one example or a small number and assume that it has general applicability to many effects, causes, or situations or don’t generalize too quickly.

Ask for a definition of a word that you don’t understand the meaning of fully. If no definition is forthcoming then you can challenge the inappropriate usage of the word. Vague definitions imply uncertain validity and possible falsehood or error.

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UPDATED NEW QUOTE BY ULDIS SPROGIS 1082!!!

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REVOLUTIONARY LOGICAL ENGLISH DICTIONARY BY ULDIS SPROGIS!!!

LOGICAL

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THE TRUTH ABOUT DISPROVE*

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Disprove: v. to prove a subset(s) is untrue frequently with communication helped with (a witness(s) and/or logic) and/or the scientific method)

It is easy to disprove an alleged scientific fact with an experiment which fails but disproving something in politics, society, religion, or daily life is impossible to do with mathematical accuracy because behavior does not follow mathematical rules.

You can use witnesses, logic, evidence, and statistical approximations to try and disprove some alleged fact(s) but ultimately it is up to the person whom you are trying to convince whether his or her opinion or belief will change about an event(s) and/or circumstance with your presented “proof”.

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THE TRUTH ABOUT TENDENCY+

 

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Tendency: n. a largely impulsive inclination which frequently does not accurately correspond to logical choices

We all have impulsive tendencies to do things our way or the way that we have been doing it for years and frequently don’t welcome changes from these tendencies with a very open logical mind. Tendencies are conditioned emotional attitudes towards things and circumstances and they are to a large extent based on our prior experiences and habits which we have developed in life with similar things and circumstances.

Whether you have a tendency to overeat, to argue too much, to talk too much, to drink alcohol too much, to prefer certain features in the opposite sex, to like a certain standard of living, to be introverted or extroverted, all these impulsive tendencies are your misfortune if they are bad and your fortune if they are good tendencies.

Logic plays a very small role in changing tendencies and it is only crisis situations which will sometimes make you change your tendencies to do things the usual  tried and personally preferred way.

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REVOLUTIONARY DISCOVERY: BABIES MINDS ARE VERY LOGICAL!!!

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If you think your babies mind is mush to be filled in with your teaching about what the world is really like then you will radically change your mind after viewing this great video by Laura Schulz on two revolutionary baby experimental approaches. If you are a parent of young offspring then you should greatly enjoy this video and really be amazed by the new knowledge about babies!

Babies and young offspring think better than many grown adults who are not very logical in their behavior and thinking processes thanks to an archaic educational system which just tries to turn everyone into another brick in the wall of human ignorance!

http://www.ted.com/talks/laura_schulz_the_surprisingly_logical_minds_of_babies

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9 “LOGICAL” DISCUSSION ERRORS!!!

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Logic: n. being skilled in accurate reasoning

 

Reason: v. to try to achieve an accurate (righta conclusion(s) and/or judgment(s)) and/ or (inference(s) from a fact(s)) and/or (hypothesis(s) and/or opinion(s)) and/or belief(s) with the use of the probabilities between cause(s) and effect(s) correspondences and/or set(s) and subset(s) correspondences

 

There should be no “logical” ARGUMENTS filled with emotional bias but they should rather be “logical” DISCUSSIONS with as little emotion as possible expressed during the exchange of propositions and conclusions or judgments. An argument or attack on someone’s opinions mimics the violence of physical conflict where any tactic is acceptable as long as you come out the winner and not loser. The winner take all and the loser is left with nothing mentality must be absent from any “logical” discussion and the end result may actually not be certainty but a probability of one or more conclusions or judgments or no conclusions or judgments at all.

The domain of logical thinking is an attempt at establishing objective cause and effect relationships which science excels in because of mathematics. Without the use of mathematics or merely using statistical probabilities, propositions and conclusions or causes and effects can’t be proved conclusively because they frequently can’t be repeated experimentally in the lab with identical results.

WHAT are we discussing logically? Is it possible to discuss everything logically or does logic have its limitations in everyday usage since so few humans think logically in the subjective emotionally biased liberal arts world which we are living in. The best logical usage is with objectivity and it is highly improbable that you will come up with an agreed upon logical conclusion or judgement discussing strongly held subjective emotionally biased opinions or beliefs.

There are errors in accurate reasoning or logic which should be avoided as much as possible. If you are arguing then making these reasoning errors will sometimes increase the probability that the argument will increase in emotional intensity and get very angry. Here is a list of 9 discussion and/or argument errors or 9 don’t dos.

Don’t attack a human’s character and only discuss a character flaw if it seems to be the primary reason for the discussion and/or problem to be solved.

Don’t misrepresent and/or exaggerate the opposing opinion hoping to make it easier to refute by intentionally and unjustly trying to make it less believable.

Don’t use subsets to represent the set.

Don’t always assume that just because something occurred before in time then it must always be the cause.

Don’t always insist that your conclusion and/or judgement is the only one possibility even though that is frequently your goal or desire.

Don’t ask the human with the opposing opinion to do your convincing responsibility for you which is erroneously called the burden of proof because you are really not proving anything but merely trying to persuade with plausible reasons and/or communications.

Don’t assume a cause and effect relationship unless there is a probable logical connection or correspondence between them based on some historical precedence or experience. New cause effect discoveries in human behavior are highly improbable.

Don’t automatically assume that the popularity of the proposition and conclusion or the opinion makes it true.

Don’t always assume that an authority figure is infallible or has or is always communicating truthful facts or opinions. If it is a respected and truthful authority figure based on prior experience most of the time then don’t question everything and every time he or she says something, especially on unimportant matters.

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THE TRUTH ABOUT COMPUTERS+

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Computers are primarily made up of two parts-memory and a processor. The memory stores information and the processor manipulates the information mathematically or logically.

Initial programming languages used simple logical or mathematical instructions which compared numbers and based on whether one was larger or smaller branched or went to another place in the code or program. Having branched or gone to another point in the program another logical question was asked comparing numbers and based on the result would branch to another location in the program.

One of the hardest problems was getting out of infinite loops which was a logical flaw in the program and was a situation where you repeated the same programming code over and over again without reaching an end or conclusion.

Fundamentally a computer just adds or subtracts numbers and makes logical comparisons of greater than or less than and then branches to another location in the program to do further calculations.

Letters can also be represented mathematically and so you can form words with the computer and make lists of information. These lists of information stored in memory can be accessed and processed almost any way that you want so we have computers translating from one language to another and even writing articles retrieved from much relevant information written about a topic or subject. Miraculously the computer seems to have an ability to think or do things similar to what a human brain can do.

With enough information in memory a computer can play the Jeopardy game or chess game and win. Pretty soon computers will also be able to drive a car on city and highway roads by being told what the destination is as the only necessary information to be inputted by hand or voice. Computer robots will soon be performing many of the tasks only done by humans. There is even a fear that computers will soon be able to think like humans and threaten to take over the world and not just do all the work or jobs which were once done by humans.

I don’t have this fear that computers will take over the world but I think that the most likely scenario is where humans and computers will work together symbiotically and help each other to solve problems in everyday life and do things which have to be done.

A computer is very good at logical thinking but is not as efficient as the human brain and is lousy at detecting or using human emotions. A computer can’t presently have a sense of humor or detect whether someone is being deceptive or is lying about something. It can’t sense whether you love something or just like it and it does not react to the environment or other humans in an emotional way.

Most humans react rather impulsively to the environment based on their prior experiences in life and unfortunately the computer does not act impulsively based on prior experiences. We are much better at adapting to changes in the environment which is so complex and it is very easy to fool a computer with faulty information input. We are much cleverer than a computer ever will be and there are still human capabilities which the computer will probably not have in the near foreseeable future. Humans primarily function emotionally and a computer will probably never become as emotional as humans are.

Yes, computers will ultimately do almost everything that we can do and better but they will not get the emotional thrill out of life which we are capable of. Computers may someday be able to fake love, happiness, laughter, grief, empathy, deception, lying, and sorrow but they will not truly feel those emotions the way that humans do.

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MYTHS ARE PRIMITIVE, DECEPTIVE UNTRUTHS, AND FREQUENTLY DEFY LOGIC!!!

myths-and-realities

Myths are historical lies which continue into the present modern era slightly modified but myths nevertheless. They are primitive analogies which seem to make sense to the common uneducated human but to call them poetry which helps to make sense of the world and our place in it is untrue in many cases.

Even modern theoretical physics has myths or stupid unscientific analogy thinking with “bubble” universes and “worm” holes!!!!!! Oh, I know what a worm hole looks like so I understand what the physicist is talking about. Bullshit and totally wrong!!!!! If a worm hole analogy makes sense to you then you understand nothing about infinitely small points in space! Even the physicists don’t understand it!!!!!!

Myths are the source of dogmatic denial of reality the way that it really is and not the way that we would like it to be. It is generalized morality and not specific examples of ethical reality. Myths are absolute statements about reality and are not true in many real life cases. The worst thing about Myths if they are not total lies is that they are partial lies or deceptions which are bad for a logical way of thinking about the real world.

It would be nice if humans could fly like the mythical Greek Icarus with wings fastened with wax. He disobeyed his father and flew too close to the sun with the ecstatic feeling of flying and wound up killing himself. The moral to the story is obey your father and his warnings or shit will happen. It is not really a moral but a command to obey your father!

This is an outdated morality of father knows best and is inappropriate advice for the 21st century. Morality and good behavior should be taught with real life examples similar to the prodigal son in the bible but updated to 21st century living. The bible is another great source of stupid analogies WHICH SHOULD BE UPDATED and the analogies are not relevant real life example teaching.

I almost totally disagree with this deceptive quote which poets who still function with analogies love to do. Update poetry with real life examples and don’t use simple analogies and synonyms to get your point across. Poetry should die a just death because it is a deceptive way of using language and is the source of too much misunderstanding and untruths.

A deceptively untrue quote!!!!!! or contains minimum useful truth.

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THE TRUTH ABOUT LOGIC***

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Logic: n. being skilled in accurate reasoning

The more mathematical our reasoning is the more logical it is and if science can be included in our reasoning then it becomes the ultimate in explaining the existence of phenomenon in this universe.

Some reasoning is not very mathematical and it is cause effect reasoning or the assumption that one or more causes create one or more effects.

Deductive and inductive reasoning is really a skill at following a cause effect chain from beginning to end (deductive reasoning) and from end to beginning (inductive reasoning).

The concept of spatial arrangements using sets and subsets to describe the universe makes the most sense logically and is a way of grouping things and/or events into connected clusters.

Logic is really making accurate correspondences between movement or verbs and/or the environment or nouns. If we accurately describe the world and the way it operates then it has predictive value and we can make similar descriptions about the world in the future or past. If we make inaccurate descriptions of the world in the present then it is not very useful and has little or no predictive value about the future or past.

Nothing is more important than accurate descriptions of words or definitions because if our definitions are vague and inaccurate then their use in the world will also be rather vague and inaccurate.

The humanities and pseudo scientific politics and sociology uses badly defined words to try and describe reality and it is relatively useless with little predictive value and is mostly a statement of statistical norms and not cause effect relationships.

To make the humanities more logical I have attempted to define words more logically and have new more accurate definitions for love, hate, empathy, pity, cruelty, steal, deception, etc. and this more logical approach makes greater sense than ever before and makes possible more rigorous or accurate descriptions of reality.

They are not scientific definitions so their predictive value is not absolute but at least it is a step in the right direction in making language more logical and less emotionally biased. More logical definitions means a smarter language and humans who use the words with greater understanding will make smarter more logical choices in their lives.

If you have accurate reasoning ability in an area of expertise then you can be said to be logical in that area of expertise under many circumstances.

You are being logical if you can accurately find correspondences between a cause and effect or a series of causes and effects.

You are also logical if you can find relationships or correspondences between a set and subsets and between the subsets themselves.

You are also logical if you make accurate probabilistic communications about events.

You are logical if you accurately use historical precedents and present observations to make relatively accurate predictions about the future.

You are logical if you can use mathematics to describe the relationships or correspondences between variables in physics, chemistry, and biology.

You are logical if you use the scientific method to discover new facts, relationships, or correspondences between variables, sets and subsets.

You are logical if you can make accurate correspondences.

You are logical if you accurately predict the future behavior of a human based on historical precedent or based on the behaviors of that human or a group of humans similar in behavior to that human.

You are more logical if you use words with accurate logical definitions and not vague badly defined ones.

Finally you are logical if you can accurately observe someone’s emotional state and can predict another’s behavior relatively accurately. You are also logical if you can control or change the emotional state of another in a relatively predictable way.

 

If you want a complete list of the new logical definitions for words then read my evergreen truth book SCIENTIFIC THESAURUS which has over 6000 logical word definitions.

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THE TRUTH ABOUT OPINIONS

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Opinion: n. communicating a transient belief which is subject to change if confronted by logical reasoning or experiences which nullify samer belief

Opinions are frequently transient beliefs which we have about things which are relatively easily subject to change if we are shown that our opinion is untrue or not the whole truth.

We may temporarily believe that a new exercise routine will help us to lose weight. We try it and it fails so we change our opinion and conclude that it doesn’t help us to lose weight.

We may feel that one way to get good behavior from offspring is to bribe them or pay them every time that they behave very well. This may result in blackmail where the offspring will only behave well if you pay them or they may misbehave even when paid. Your opinion was wrong and bad circumstances force you to change your opinion or belief that money will solve bad behavior.

We frequently have favorable opinions about what we like and unfavorable opinions about what we don’t like. Our favorable opinion about a favorite food, celebrity, or appliance may all change if we get bored with our favorite food and find a better replacement, if our favorite celebrity mistreats a spouse or develops a drug addiction, and if the “reliable” appliance breaks down sooner than expected.

Sometimes  with logic and new facts someone will show that our opinions are erroneous and we change our opinions without new personal experiences playing a major role in the opinion change. Humans whom we trust and respect can also change our opinions more readily than humans which we don’t respect and trust.

Strong beliefs are not opinions easily changed so if you believe in moral behavior then you are highly unlikely to switch to immoral behavior. If you don’t believe in lying, stealing, and adultery then chances are you will take those beliefs to the grave and not change them.

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THE TRUTH ABOUT SMARTNESS

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Smartness: n. a human having complete logical reasoning skills and successfully applying them to solve political and social and economic and scientific problems and/or having emotional intelligence

Many humans confuse intelligence with being smart. Although intelligent humans are frequently also smart there are plenty of intelligent humans doing stupid things which are not so smart to do.

Intelligence is really having a very good memory for facts and information which may not necessarily be used in a smart way. Being smart is having the reasoning or logical ability to find practical solutions to problems and an added bonus is having emotional intelligence which helps you to successfully deal with human emotional states.

There are many smart humans with relatively little book learning who have had extensive contact with humans and have learned important information on their own or with personal experience. It can help in many instances to have good grades and a college degree but there are plenty of very smart humans who have become very successful without the formal education. Very smart humans are frequently bored by formal education and learn most of what they have to know on their own.

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THE TRUTH ABOUT REASONING

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Reason: v. to try to achieve an accurate (righta conclusion(s) and/or judgment(s)) and/ or (inference(s) from a fact(s)) and/or (hypothesis(s)) and/or opinion(s)) and/or belief(s) and/or sensing with the use of the probabilities between cause(s) and effect(s) correspondences and/or set(s) and subset(s) correspondences

Most unscientific reasoning tries to connect a cause and effect or events in a probabilistic way using times as reference points.

The most successful reasoning exists in science using the scientific method of reasoning with the aid of mathematics and the concepts of sets, subsets, and variables. The results of this reasoning is frequently certainty and a 100% probability or a statistical numerical probability.

In human behavior and analysis of events there is a certain probability that exists between a cause and an effect or between relatable or corresponding events.

Deductive reasoning starts with a cause or causes and tries to deduce what the possible effects might be based on historical precedent or direct observation. Sometimes the effect or effects become a cause or causes in a chain or series of cause effect relationships or correspondences.

Inductive reasoning starts with an effect or effects and tries to determine what the cause or causes might have been or are based on historical precedent or observation.

Factual events which can be verified or known to exist are the most useful in making cause effect relationships or correspondences but some reasoning about behavior is frequently based upon historical precedents of the parties involved.

Some probabilistic conclusions are made about events which exist without seeming causes but appear to be largely random in nature.

If a human has an impeccable reputation for honesty then the probability that he is lying is minimal.  Similarly there is a high probability that one with a bad reputation is probably lying about something.

If someone has been late for work about once a month for the past six months then the probability that he will be late about once a month for the following six months is relatively high based on historical precedent.

If you define sympathy as a subset of empathy then you can conclude that there are more empathetic behaviors than sympathetic ones although the actual number may not be known. This kind of reasoning involves synthesis or analysis of a set and subsets and then making conclusions about the relationships between the set and subsets.

CONCLUSION:

Reasoning is communications about the probabilities between a cause(s) and an effect(s) or between events and communications about the relationships or correspondences between a set and its subsets or the relationships or correspondences between the subsets themselves.

Probability communications are made about the past, present, and future. Historical precedent and/or direct observations of facts are frequently the most useful in making predictions about the future.

If you reason without an understanding of probabilities, sets and subsets, and historical facts or accurate observation of facts then your reasoning ability is very bad and frequently biased by intuitive emotional reactions which are frequently inaccurate.

If you can predict emotional states of a human by observation and then control or change the emotions and behavior in a predictable way then you are using reasoning ability.

It is no wonder that politics uses very little reasoning or logic but mostly appeals to strong emotional beliefs or opinions. Humans use very little reasoning when interacting with new acquaintances but frequently make biased stereotypical conclusions about other humans based on scant information or facts which results in much misunderstanding and conflict

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THE LOGIC AND ART OF PERSUASION

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Not so obvious is that it is very important WHOM you are trying to persuade. Is it your boss, employee, customer, friend, date, spouse, offspring, stranger, team, or audience whom you are trying to persuade? Business persuasion is very different than trying to impress or persuade your date what a good potential mate you will be and persuading an audience has its own unique skill set. Google and find out what are the unique ways of persuading each category of humans. You will only find general principles covered in this blog.

WHAT you are trying to persuade a human of is also very important because there are factual persuasions and very subjective personal persuasions about politics, religion, sports odds, and aesthetics which are very frequently excursions into futility because the highly emotional beliefs or opinions are so strong and seldom subject to change or persuasion. Sometimes facts or statistics are coupled with strong emotional biases or feelings about what the facts really mean and a strictly logical approach to try and persuade may not be sufficient to reach a persuasive agreement. Realize that much persuasion is a waste of time and energy without benefits and should never be started in the first place.

Persuasion by someone whom you TRUST is more probable than being persuaded by a total stranger and if you are the lying type then you will never be believed once the lying has been uncovered and a trusting relationship ends.

In one on one persuasion it is very important to do most of the listening and only short and sweet head nods and brief responses showing respect for the others opinions. Asking probing questions to determine all the pros and cons of the situation and probing for possible objections to your point of view are also important because they will have to be addressed and in doing so you may uncover some flaws in your point of view which will need attention or change.

If your persuasion will lead to someone saving time, energy, and money and even feeling happy about the change then it is a worthwhile persuasion.

The art of persuasion is priming someone emotionally into wanting to be persuaded and if you first listen to and respect their opinions and agree with the ones that have some truth to them then they will begin to feel that you are on their side. If you find out what they really need or want then you may be able to give it to them and not just be feeding their ego and self-interest.

Use statistical consensus if it exists in what you are trying to persuade because many people are motivated by the herd instinct and want to be in the majority with their opinions very frequently.

Historical precedents are important because if something has worked before or is working well now then chances are frequently pretty good that it will work in the future too. Also appeal to experts or testimonials if you can to back up your persuasive powers.

Sometimes partial agreement is better than no agreement at all.

Finally, persuade in moderation or you will come off sounding too dogmatic by being in constant persuasion mode trying to change the world to only your way of thinking and doing.

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THE PROBLEM WITH WORLD LEADERS IS THAT THEY ARE EMOTIONALLY SMART BUT NOT LOGICALLY SMART!!!!!!

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Emotional Smarts or ES: n. the ability to manipulate another’s senses to reach a good and/or bad goal(s)

Politicians have emotional smarts but not logical smarts when it comes to solving problems and conveying an appropriate message to the public. They manipulate your emotions but don’t publicize any useful logical solutions to the political, social, economic, and educational problems of the nation and world.

What are considered to be good leaders in society and who rise up the ranks of leadership are those who are more skilled in manipulating emotions and not logical facts. The few exceptions to this general rule are the technological leaders who have an abundance of logical technical knowledge and also human emotional knowledge.

Political leaders are the ones who aren’t leading society in a logical, efficient, sustainable way but instead are manipulating the emotions of the public to maintain their political power and the power of the special interests. They understand that promises must be made to appease the desires and beliefs of the majority of the citizens which they rule over. Those human beliefs are historically founded beliefs of what is true and untrue and very resistant to change despite their dysfunctional mythological nature in the present technological age.

The common man and woman are encouraged by their leaders to either love or hate, support or oppose and the result is that the ideology of the opposing party is hated and opposed. One opposing party is bad and their personal party is good. This group hate of the other group leads to political deadlock and an inability to compromise or find common ground which could help members of both parties. Manipulation of the fears and hopes of the public is what exists in the media and when the election is over the heavily funded special interests groups continue along with business as usual in a terribly inefficient way wasting the time, energy, and money of the taxpayers or society.

 

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17 THINGS WHICH HANDICAP OR PREVENT LOGICAL OR RATIONAL THINKING

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Confirmation or similarity tendency (tendsim):n. a tendency for a human to agree and approve of  and want to interact with other humans with similar subsets

Humans generally like to agree with humans who have very similar or identical opinions, fears, and likes and agree with us. If humans disagree with us we feel uncomfortable, threatened, insecure, and annoyed that our ego, philosophy of life, opinions, fears, and pleasures are being challenged.

A result of this thinking makes us cling to one political party, one religion, one profession, and we generally like humans who also like our favorite sports teams or favorite pastimes. If you are like me then I will probably like you too no matter how illogically and irrationally you are behaving from an objective point of view.

An open minded individual is a rarity who tries to discover the objective truth in two or more differing opinions on the same subject or topic.

Ingroup tendency (tendingro):n. a tendency to want to be in and want to form stronger bonds with a group of humans with many similar subsets

We have an innate or inborn tribal instinct which helps us to form tighter bonds with our ingroup but it makes us suspicious, fearful, and disrespectful of other groups with different values and abilities. Many small ingroups listen to the same music, watch the same movies, the same TV shows, idolize the same celebrities, follow the same fashions, have similar party styles, and have a cliquishness about other rather trivial behaviors.

Rare is the individual with a global reference point who values global beliefs and activities and idolizes what is objectively good for most in the global community.

Gambler’s fallacy or predictive tendency (tendpred):n. a tendency to feel that past events and/or subsets will probably repeat themselves in the future also and especially the most recent events and/or subsets will continue into the immediate future

We tend to sense that past events have a large probability of also existing in the future. Thus if we flip a coin and it turns up heads 5 times in a row then we tend to sense that the next flip will be heads also even though the statistical probability is still 50/50. Also if we suddenly start to win there is an anticipation bias and we impulsively sense that we are winning now  and that we will also win in the near future which frequently turns out to be untrue. This is true of new relationships also where we impulsively believe that the new relationship will be better than a previous bad one even though we have not improved our personality or our job which would increase the probability of a good new relationship.

Justifying impulsive stupid or bad behavior (tendbajust): n. a tendency to justify bad and/or wrong behavior which frequently doesn’t have immediate severely bad consequences for the human

Make an impulsive expensive purchase or impulsively get angry at another human. After we do such impulsive actions we try to justify our actions since we were the ones making them and our selfrighteous ego does not want to admit that we made a mistake or did something bad.

Not being taught or not understanding mathematical probabilities (tendprob): n. a tendency to ignore probabilities in making decisions because of a bad habit and/or never having been taught to think probabalisticaly

Statistically driving a car is more dangerous than flying a plane which terrifies us more because of its infrequent use. A terrorist action terrifies us more than accidental poisoning or accidental injury from falling which is much more probable. We simply haven’t been taught statistical facts about the dangers in our lives and automatically judge the violent, infrequent, or strange action to be more dangerous than the common more probable dangers in everyday life.

Selective observation tendency (tendselob): n. a tendency to feel that an intensely observed subset(s) is now appearing with greater frequency in our lives and is not just coincidence which is the realistic explanation

We buy a new car and suddenly notice more of those same cars on the road, we become pregnant and suddenly notice more pregnant women, or we focus on a unique number or song and suddenly notice that it exists more frequently in our lives. Suddenly we erroneously feel that these are not mere coincidences but more frequent realities.

Status-quo tendency (tendstatquo):n. a tendency to want to remain or interact with habitual subsets and not want to change unless we sense that the status-quo no longer realistically works and/or is useful

Most of us sense that change is threatening so we try to maintain our old habits which can be the same political parties, the same favorite meals, the same TV programs, the same friends, the same spending habits, the same investment policies, etc. We all intuitively sense that reform or change is needed in education, in politics, in economics, and in our daily lives or routines but we just can’t seem to free ourselves of our conservative buts and make the necessary changes for the better.

Bad news tendency (tendbnews): n. a tendency to sense that bad news is more important than good news and usually because we fear that it could potentially worsen our own lives

We intuitively feel that bad news is more important than good news because fear of bad consequences which can potentially disrupt our life and make it worse is frequently more powerful an influence on our lives than good news which should be a pleasurable feeling but it doesn’t last as long in our minds.

The fear of getting shot by a criminal or becoming prey to a predator seems more important to the brain than tasting a good healthy apple.

An inherent desire to conform (tendcon): n. a tendency to want to conform to small and larger cultural groups

Fear of rejection, fear of criticism, and fear of disagreement with the majority are all powerful emotional reasons which bias us towards conformity with frequently small groups of humans and relatively large groups such as organizations, nations, or the world.

Projection or personal injection tendency (tendpinjection): n. a tendency to inject our personal (thoughts and/or sensing) and/or emotions into other people and impulsively believe that they have similar (thought and/or sensing) and/or emotional abilities and/or characteristics

We are trapped inside our minds 24/7 and most of us wrongly assume that other humans think like us and agree with us on important things and sometimes on not so important things. We impulsively inject our personal feelings, emotions, and thoughts into other humans.

Current moment tendency (tendcurmom): n. a tendency to make more impulsive bad decisions immediately which give us great pleasure and/or avoid great pain and make different frequently more logical decisions when we plan to purchase or do things at some point in the future

Pleasure now and pain later is the philosophy most of us are encouraged to live by in the media, business, and society because pleasure is what most of us chose to pursue in the moment. When asked to choose between chocolate or a fruit to eat right now most of us chose chocolate. We have a deceptive world of human leaders encouraging us to live for today and not worry about tomorrow and the results are devastating personal lives and relationships and destroying biodiversity worldwide.

Bandwagon effect or tendency towards numerical quantity (tendqunum): n. an inclination to believe and behave as most do in a subset of humans and/or a tendency towards a large quantity of a subset(s)

Herd instinct is another way of saying that most humans have a tendency to be cliquish or like to form interacting groups of humans who have a lot of characteristics in common. They frequently eat similar food, dress similarly, talk similarly, have approximately the same amount of wealth, have the same skin color or have similar body appearance, and have other pastimes and behaviors in common.  They tend to ostracize humans who don’t behave and look the way that they do and are considered unfair, unjust, biased, and even prejudiced by others.

Conservatism tendency (tendcon): n. resistance to change when given new facts which imply and/or prove a need for change and/or an inclination to believe in an old system of doing subsets

Humans have a tendency to be conservative in their lives which just means that they have established strong habits, good and bad, and are resistant to change. The new generation constantly challenges their parents “conservative” views and frequently find out sooner or later that many of the conservative views are actually useful in life and are based on many human interaction truths. The problem is that society is very irrational and too tied to historical bad habits or conservative ways of doing things and biodiversity is being devastated by this greatly inefficient largely irrational trivial behaving civilization.

Knowledge overload tendency (tendkuan): n. predominantly illogical irrational quantity knowledge accumulation which decreases logical thinking ability or the more you learn the stupider you get

Why do seemingly intelligent humans or humans with very good memories do such stupid things and can’t make reasonable logical decisions? The reason is inefficient rather trivial accumulation of knowledge and experiences with an illogical language. In the computer world much illogical garbage data in and you get garbage data out. Computer software only works perfectly if the logic behind it is perfect. Computers do not tolerate irrational garbage data which human civilization is swimming in and drowning in.

Tendessen: n. judging and/or categorizing a subset(s) based upon relatively few dominant stereotypes and/or characteristics and ignoring variations

Humans have a tendency to make fast judgments about other humans based on a few initial observations.  Humans speedily identify some obvious appearances and behavior characteristics and judge the whole human based on them. If the human looks unkempt we label him a slob, if he does a selfish behavior we label him selfish, if he does something rude we label him as a rude human who is also probably inconsiderate or anti-social, if she laughs much we label her as not being a very serious human, and if she talks too much we label her a gabber or self-absorbed.

First impressions are the most lasting because humans start or tend to make opinions about your personality rather quickly and if you start out by demonstrating many of your bad behaviors you will be labeled or stereotyped and it may take you a very long time to change a human’s bad stereotype impression of you.

Experimenter’s tendency (tendexper): n. an inclination for experimenters to believe, validate, and publish data which agree with their personal predictions for the conclusions of a new experiment and to disbelieve, destroy, or minimize in importance the data which opposes those personal predictions.

This human tendency to want to have experimental results match your personal predictions causes much junk science. Drugs theoretically designed to cure an illness are clinically tested and there is great economic incentive to prove that a drug can actually cure an illness. The realistic result is that frequently clinical data which does not suggest a cure is ignored and the data which shows minimum statistical significance is communicated as a cure which it is not. Even the humans in the tests are sometimes logically selected to increase the probability of positive clinical results. Fraud in clinical statistical “scientific” drug trials is rampant and most of the new drugs don’t cure anything but just result in bad side effects which are then treated with more drugs. A drug which cures 100% of clinical test patients is a rarity and very frequently statistics lie!!!!!!

 

Historical tendency (tendhist): n. an inclination to sense and validate future events as being predictable based on historical events.

In science historical precedent and proof is vital to its progress. In all other liberal arts professions historical precedent is mostly garbage precedent because it is based on an illogical past which doesn’t define any of the words used inaccurately but the words are merely verbose excursions into vague analogies which contain little truth about what should be done in the present or future. Historical psychiatry, psychology, sociology, economics, education, and language is unprovable brainwashing propaganda which is reinforced and propagated into the next generation based on herd instinct and desire to maintain a status quo based on historical precedent.

 

Normalcy tendency (tendnor): n. a refusal to plan for and/or react to a disaster which has never existed before

There is a great tendency for humans who have not experienced personal disasters to ignore potential probable disasters and so don’t plan for them until it is too late. Who planned ahead for a tsunami hitting the nuclear reactor in Japan? No one. Only after the fact or after a disaster are humans willing to do something about a disaster so that it won’t exist again!!!!!!

I hope we finally start planning ahead and don’t destroy biodiversity on this planet or human civilization is doomed!!!!!!

CONCLUSION: Humans are mostly ruled by their emotions where fear and pleasure seeking plays major roles in decision making and the result is that most of us have mostly bad irrational habits which we are struggling with and very few good habits which are contributing to a better life for us and society and the world. An archaic language motivates these emotional biases and is very illogical and its use is the primary reason why there is so much irrational trivial and destructive human behavior in this world.

Want to become more logical in your choices in life? Then read many of my evergreen blogs and some or most of my evergreen books. Free yourself of many of your emotional biases and improve your life in the process!!!!!!

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