Tag Archives: red shift



A simple explanation. The red shift is proportional to the distance of a star or galaxy and can be used to measure distance between celestial objects. OK, then why is there a slight blue shift in the spectrum of the Andromeda Galaxy and about 100 other objects in the sky with blue shifts out of billions?

It seems that the red shift can explain most distances but not about 100 of them. If the Andromeda galaxy is moving closer to the earth or the Milky Way galaxy then its red shift should be independent of it’s velocity towards us but only dependent on the distance from us. But our logic fails us and it turns out that red shift and distance are in fact not always related or proportional in a unidirectional way.

Is the red shift proportional to total distance or is it proportional to velocity? The answer must be either or and not both. The red shift either accurately measures distance or it accurately measures velocity or speed but not both. Sure, relativity assumes that speed and distance are related using the speed of light but we are talking here about the absolute distance of galaxies and relativity does not give us a tool to measure absolute distances nor does the red shift.

If we can only measure distances in light years then we are only making statements about the relative velocities of those objects or the relative velocities of the radiation coming from them and not statements about their absolute distances.

Quasars are another example of objects breaking the rule that luminosity is inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them so that luminosity is also not a reliable way to measure the distance between two cosmological objects. A star is brighter in the sky so it is closer to us? Not necessarily so because of Quasars which seem to break this rule.

I too yearn for the day when simple rules will explain everything in a logical way. Unfortunately the universe is so complex and filled with rule exceptions that the best that we can hope for is approximations to a rule or rules which become more complex with the passage of time. Turbulence in the universe observed by the Hubble telescope means that simple relativity also doesn’t have all the answers to cosmological movement.

I doubt that the merging of relativity with quantum mechanics will give final answers to everything which is still unknown and especially why we have to introduce the metaphysics of dark matter and dark energy to explain the “expansion” of the universe since theoretically about 96% of these metaphysical quantities comprise the bulk of the universe.

I personally don’t believe the universe is expanding from a black hole or singularity origin but I too am forced to admit that dark matter or mass slowing down radiation and dark energy speeding up radiation causing red and blue shifts may be the ultimate theory trying to explain it in some way. With current knowledge or lack of knowledge I am forced to raise up my hands and say I just will probably never know the truth in my lifetime.


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A photon is really a particle or wave traveling through dark mass, wrongly called dark matter, at variable speeds of light or like a water wave traveling through water or traveling through dark mass in the case of the photon. The more energetic cosmic rays actually travel faster than light photons and are not limited by the speed of visible light and in fact exceed it. The higher the frequency the faster it travels through dark mass just as waves with more energy travel faster through water. Red light should travel slightly less than the speed of blue light which is more energetic and travels faster. The greater the difference in frequencies the greater is the difference in speeds.

A test of this theory would be to compare the speed of blue light vs. red light and detect whether there is a significant difference in speeds that is measurable. Space is actually dark mass and is not empty or void or a true absolute vacuum. This will eliminate the problem of singularities and absurd concepts such as infinite energy and infinite mass.

Maybe the reverse is true and the more energetic the particle or the greater the frequency the slower it moves through dark mass. Maybe there is an inverse relationship of speed and frequency. It is possible that the higher the frequency the slower the particle would travel and once it reached an infinite frequency it would in fact come to a standstill and not move at all. It would in fact become so big that it would be unable to move.

In a diffraction grating the blue light gets bent more or its wavelength is shorter or has more energy and is thus a larger particle or mass. The diffraction grating and a larger particle or one moving slower would bend more because there is a greater attraction between a more dense slower particle and the diffraction grating material causing the blue light to deflect more than the red light with a lower frequency and faster speed. Maybe particle physics will be back in vogue and everything will be explained in terms of a particle with energy and angular momentum and spin and the larger the energy or mass the more attraction there is and general relativity and quantum physics can indeed be unified into one theory!!!!!!

It is probably wrong to consider time as another dimension of space but that time is independent of distance and there is no time travel possible and the paradox of going back in time and killing your parents will no longer exist! General relativity is the big lie and Einstein’s theory of relativity will return to dust with it’s mythology!!!!!! Time and length are independent variables and not dependent ones!

E=MS2 or energy equals the mass times the velocity or speed of an electromagnetic wave squared. It is not a radical departure from Einsteins famous equation but the speed is not a constant but a variable.

I favor the first version because human experience shows that greater energy translates into greater speed but I may be wrong and I am now leading towards the second explanation the more that I think about it.

A wave dies down with time and dissipates all its energy so it is entirely possible that light traveling through dark mass eventually dissipates some or eventually all of its energy. The red shift observed may be due to the fact of light having less energy as it travels through dark mass compared to freshly created light on the face of the earth which is not red shifted.

What this means is that the universe is not in fact expanding at all but the galaxies remain in relatively stable positions relative to one another but undergo considerable change themselves. The universe is not expanding at all but is relatively constant and this means that galaxies can eventually collide with one another given enough time and are not always moving away from each other as is theorized by the big lie big bang theory.

Background radiation supposedly from the big bang is actually more energetic radiation from unseen stars who have dissipated their light energy before it had a chance to reach earth and only the more energetic electromagnetic waves such as x-rays, micro waves, and cosmic rays make their trip to earth. Background radiation is just proof that the universe is infinitely large and has always existed and will always exist. The background radiation is from unseen galaxies and stars because their visible light does not reach us but dies out but the higher energy particles do reach us. This is further theoretical proof that the universe is more homogeneous and infinite than heretofore thought.

Background radiation comes from 360 degrees so it comes uniformly from all directions and does not have its origin from a point source as predicted by the big bang. The big bang did not occur at all points in space which means that there was no big bang but we are surrounded by unseen stars and galaxies in all points of space as my theory predicts.

The dark mass(matter) absorbs electromagnetic energy as the energy passes through it and this raises the question of what kind of absorption process is it and what happens to the energy which is absorbed? Maybe it becomes dark energy or is absorbed by a dark atom like particle? Who knows? I can’t answer questions to something which I can’t measure or see so I leave this up to the next generations of physicists! The unknown mysterious remarkable miraculous hand of nature is at work. I am in awe!!!!!!

There may in fact be quantum velocities and that would explain why there are dark spaces between spectra and not a uniform distribution of energy possibilities or velocities. As soon as electromagnetic radiation loses some energy in quantum packets it slows down by a quantum velocity!!!!!!

If light can also be considered a particle then it is possible that light itself and other subatomic particles not only have energy but have angular momentum and can spin in opposite directions thus causing one to be deflected to the right and one to the left on collision with a hydrogen atom and loose angular momentum each time it collides with another hydrogen atom and effectively decay to an undetectable velocity or not enough energy to register a visual path in the bubble chamber. This is a wild guess but who knows, maybe I’m right. This is beginning to sound more and more like classical Newtonian physics with quantum energy release and quantum velocity changes.

Conservation of matter or energy would exist but the matter or energy can become so small that they are undetectable even with a bubble chamber. They seem to decay into nothing but in fact they are still there but undetectable with much less matter or energy. The crazy concept of matter and antimatter would be unnecessary and why there is more matter than antimatter in the universe would be a moot question because there is no such concept necessary.

If you liked this evergreen truth blog then read more of them, about 1200 so far, or read one or more of my evergreen truth books, especially COMMON SENSE, rays of truth in a human world filled with myths and deceptions.

For a complete readily accessible list of blogs and titles go to twitter.com/uldissprogis.


If you enjoyed this blog then here is a list of my most popular ones which you may also enjoy!!!


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